Tuesday, June 25, 2013

100 percent safety in nukes absolutely required but is a pipe dream!

The Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant is in serious safety-trouble

by FP Editors Jun 19, 2013
34 Comments Print

#A Gopalakrishnan #Atomic Energy Regulatory Board #CriticalPoint #Electro Magnetic Interference #KKNP #Kudankulam Nuclear Power plant #NewsTracker #NPCIL #Pressuried Heavy Water Reactors #Tamil Nadu

Looks like the power-starved Tamil Nadu has to give up hopes of relief from the yet-to-be-born pride of India’s atomic energy establishment – the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant.

With false promises of a commissioning sometime early this year, similar to the promises last year, Tamil Nadu had relied heavily on the plant to ameliorate its power deficit of 4000 MW. The plant, however, is in serious safety-trouble.

In a detailed editorial article in the New Indian Express, former Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) Chairman, A Gopalakrishnan has made a new startling revelation – that the Instrumentation and Control system (I&C) of the KKNP, that is crucial for the safety of any nuclear power reactor, is faulty.
Kudankulam nuclear plant.

Simply put, the I&C systems at KKNP, because of their faulty design and installation, are apparently picking up erroneous signals that can mislead the safety systems of the Plant, which can lead to accidents.

Sounds really scary!

The reason, says the insider-turned-nuclear-whistleblower, is the failure of KKNP to adhere to the highest standards of cable-laying, routing and earthing.

Referring to the 2009-10 report of the AERB, he says “the cable problems at Koodankulam have a long history.” Even 2010-2011 report refers to deviations of cable-laying and their justifications. However, the 2011-2012 report is totally silent on the issue.

Subsequently, Gopalakrishnan refers to news reports in 2011 that cited missing power and control cables, which necessitated breaking open the containment domes of the reactor. “One wonders how such a serious error was committed by the NPCIL engineers and their contractors”.

The cables apparently were missing for several kilometers after the dome was completed!

The tireless nuclear-safety campaigner says that this was probably because NPCIL team proceeded with the I&C work without waiting for documentation and instructions to arrive from Russia. They relied on their experience on PHWR (Pressuried Heavy Water Reactors – India’s mainstay in nuclear power for many years) without realising that PWR/VVER (the new technology being used in Koodankulam) requirements would be significantly different.

The delay in Russians transferring the I&C design and installation is corroborated by the report of the World Nuclear Association.

He charges that “while redoing the work, the NPCIL team is unlikely to have come close to meeting the Russian design intent or conformed the installation documents received from them. The origin of the problem lies in the massive installation error of the NPCIL”.

Gopalakrishnan’s latest expose is yet another shot in the arm for the People’s Movement Against Nuclear Energy (PMANE), which has been fighting a losing, but resolute, battle against the Plant. Even supporters of nuclear energy are not happy with the lack transparency at KKNP.

Had things been normal, why such an inordinate delay in commissioning the plant?

“It is most likely that the KKNPP cable system, as completed today, has not conformed to the norms and standards of cable selection, EMI shielding, or layout as per Russian, Indian or any other standards.” Gopalakrishnan summarises.

“No wonder the EMI problem is persisting, because there is no other short-cut solution other than re-doing a sizable part of the I&C cabling and its layout in accordance with a set of modern standards, agreeable also to the Russians. This may take several more months and extensive re-working, but this must be done in the interest of public safety. As directed by the SC, the group consisting of NPCIL, AERB, MoEF and TNPCB must certainly find an acceptable resolution of this problem and include it in their report to the apex court.”


rashokkumar replies to IAF101 • 5 days ago

We have only your wisdom to go by which are not true facts-that too cheap to meter stuff and all that sort of rubbish regarding things which are not yet there. Look at the facts(Richard Bramhall of Low Level Radiation Campaign):

A new review shows the
conventional radiation risk model cannot be used to predict health effects of
radioactivity inside the body.

On May 22 InTech published a review of
evidence that DNA damage caused by inhaling
and ingesting man-made radioactivity is having serious health effects. This is
the first time such a wide-ranging review of the genetic mechanisms of harm from
nuclear discharges has been published in the scientific literature.

The review, by Professor Chris
Busby, is entitled "Aspects of DNA damage
from internal radiation exposures".
It is in a book called "New Research Directions in
DNA Repair".
It vindicates the belief that incorporated (internal) radioactivity is more
dangerous than predicted by the International Commission on Radiological
Protection (ICRP). Much of the information reviewed has been in the literature
for decades but has been sidelined or ignored.

The evidence shows that ICRP's
use of “absorbed dose” is invalid for many radionuclides when they are internal.
“Absorbed dose” is based on an external irradiation paradigm and therefore
averages the energy of radioactive decays across large volumes of body tissue.
By contrast, some forms of radioactivity expose
DNA to high densities of ionisation. The
review defines and discusses situations where genetic damage is massively more
likely than from external radiation at the same "dose"; 1) biochemical affinity
for DNA , 2) transmutation, 3) hot particles, 4)
sequential emitters (“Second Event Theory”), 5) low energy beta
emitters, and 6) the “Secondary Photoelectron Effect”:

Some substances (for example THORIUM, Strontium-90 and Uranium) have
high biochemical affinity for DNA so a
large proportion of what is inside the body will be chemically bound to
DNA . For this reason the radiation events
associated with them are massively more likely to damage
DNA structures than the same dose delivered

Transmutation, where the radioactive decay of a radio-element
changes it into a different element (e.g. Carbon-14 changing to Nitrogen), has
mutagenic effects far greater than would be expected on the basis of “absorbed
dose”. This has been known since the 1960s but it has been ignored by risk
agencies such as ICRP, UNSCEAR and BEIR.

Hot particles, especially those which emit very short-range
alpha radiation, have obvious implications for high local doses to tissue
where they are embedded.

The “Second
Event Theory” concerns the decay sequences of some radionuclides which decay
to a short-lived daughter. Strontium 90 decaying to Yttrium 90 is an example;
the Yttrium 90 has a half-life of 2½ days so the theory is that the first
event (decay of Strontium 90) may damage a cell's
DNA which then sets about repairing itself.
The repair process is known to be very radiosensitive and there is a finite
probability that the second event (the subsequent Yttrium decay) inflicts
further damage which cannot be repaired.

A good example of a low
energy beta emitter is Tritium. (Tritium is projected to account for
99.8% of the radioactivity in discharges from the "generic" design of reactor
planned for the UK). The review compares Tritium with
Caesium-137. The very low decay energy of Tritium means that delivering the
same absorbed dose as the Caesium requires 90 times as many radiation tracks
from Tritium. This density of events occurring at low doses suggests a
mechanism to explain experimental results that show Tritium is a greater
mutagenic hazard than ICRP would expect.

Elements with large numbers of protons (e.g. Uranium,
Plutonium) absorb external gamma radiation efficiently, re-emitting it in the
form of very short-range photoelectrons indistinguishable from
beta radiation. This is known as the Secondary Photoelectron Effect
(SPE). The review criticizes papers which used Monte Carlo methodology in
attempts to minimise the importance of SPE after New Scientist [3]
published a report on it in 2008.

The review examines various
epidemiological studies of Radium exposures which are cited in defence of the
ICRP risk model. It cites papers published in the literature decades ago showing
that the Radium studies are fatally flawed because they omitted many people who
had died (from both cancer and non-cancer diseases) before the "exposed" groups
were assembled.

The review shows that enhancement
factors arising from the mechanisms above can theoretically be as high as
10,000-fold. It lists epidemiological evidence where such enhancements are
required to explain clear effects which are denied by the industry, regulators
and government on the basis of low average doses. One of these is the recent
KiKK study which, if the doubled risk of childhood leukaemia near NPPs in
Germany is caused by radioactive discharges, implies a 10,000-fold error in ICRP
risk estimates. KiKK is at one extreme of such evidence; at the other, the
Seascale cluster implies an error of 200.

In conclusion, the review lists
key experimental studies which will inform on the issues.

And KS Parthasarathy formerly of the AERB has fantasy and this fantasy is being given the force of truth fraudulently. Beware the scamsters who in spite of the negative energy audit want nukes.

And people must educate themselves of the Catch 22 situation that hydro power and nukes exemplify.

    IAF101 replies to rashokkumar • 5 days ago

1.    Your entire "Ramayana" is amusing considering that this same "controversy" has been going for decades without any tangible proof to back up the claims. Further the whole "Low level Radiation Campaign" is as credible as Voodoo or Snake Charming based on their outrageous claims. Low-level "radiation" is a fact of nature as every school child knows and everyday the "low level" radiation a human is exposed to has many sources including the sun, radiative particles in that atmosphere, in the soil, in building material etc. Every time a patient gets an CT-scan or X-ray they are subjected to "radiation" - so what ???
2.    The most important consideration is the kind of radiation and the dosages a person is exposed to! Those are the ONLY factors that warrant investigation. This cock-and-bull "low level radiation" and "absorbed radiation" nonsense is pure quackery. Even the radium in a wrist watch gives off "low level" radiation but you don't see this much drama. As soon as a nuclear power plant is commissioned, these kind of eco-nuts come crawling out of the ground like rats with their Geiger counters crying about the low level radiation and claiming they are dying! Firstly, where are the high energy a-radiative material lying around outside ?? Secondly, why do they believe that these particles remain in the body while numerous other medical radioactive substances are flushed from the body on their own ? And lastly, how do they believe that such "internal" radiation will persist once the individual is away from this mysterious source of high energy alpha particle emanating radioactive material ? Magic ??

3.    I leave you with only one point - If these "claims" are true then why have the US, Japanese, Russian and European Atomic Energy Regulators not mandated the decommissioning of all nuclear power plants ? Even Japan is building new nuclear power plants!

At this point First Post closed the discussion for comments!
So the trolls should have the last word!

It is useful to the public to refute the claims of people like the Avatar IAF 101 so that nukes all over will be forced to be shutdown now, so that wastes do not accumulate further and the trolls and shills make all the effort to keep the nuke wastes generated so far effectively from all life in such a way that living is still healthy, wholesome and thus full.

Refutation of Para 1 and 2 above of the Avatar IAF 101

In fact this was the very reason why many of us were convinced that the unscientific witchcraft of applying the external radiation averaging model on tissues for internal radiation emitters was false.  In fact the radioactive rays penetrated the cells to which the radioactive particulates were bound at powers of hundreds of megawatts!See by Google Search Stop Nuclear Energy Programmes: Link: http://plutoniumaradiumabillionpeoplehitdna.blogspot.in/2007/12/stop-nuclear-energy-programmes.html
This caused such an explosion of the cell that the vibrations communicated to neighbouring cells in such a way as to cause genomic instability in cell reproduction subtly even several generations of cells after! Thus dose as an averaging concept was meaningless for internal emitters. The evidence on the ground regarding internal emitter effects must form the basis of a risk model. The evidence on the ground regarding women radium dial painters for clocks sounded the alarm regarding the lethality of alpha emitters! Radioactive elements new to nature were produced in fission reactors and uranium mining brought uranium in proximity to life. This uranium was inhaled and ingested through food, water and air and Jaduguda saw families where previously cancers, birth defects, infant mortality were unknown spread widely across the hapless families and UCIL’s ICRP model could not predict the risk of internal emission because the ICRP model was false. People should read the full story summarized in ECRR 2010 and the work referred to above to see the concordance of experience with scientifically realistic risk estimates. It is truth on the ground around nuclear fuel cycle establishments without exception that builds up to a realistic risk assessment regarding health effects of ionizing radiation.   Read the overwhelming evidence of millions of Indian infant mortality in the nuclear era because of the ingestion and inhalation of ionizing radiation by their parents! Google search for india infant mortality and nuclear power get an idea of the random premeditated perfect mass murder in the nuclear era. And the radiation pollution is growing as nuclear programmes periodically pollute the earth with their effluents even during normal operation. People should stop being frogs in the well and vote down the falsehood that the IAEA and AERB, the ICRP etc are propagating.


Para 3 of the Avatar IAF 101:

See by Google search for Normal operations of nuclear fuel cycle, 1980 to 2012,synergistically complicit in causing 110 million infant mortalities worldwide and 10 million in India.

Regulators do not see. Neither do they do their homework. See the energy audit of the indian nuclear programme by Googling and see the truth: Nuclear energy programmes consume much much more than they ever produce. That’s because modern civilization’s base is falsehood and destructive of all life because it is a society of specialists:
In living in this world by his own will and skill the stupidest peasant or tribesman is more competent than the most intelligent worker or technician or intellectual in a society of specialists. See Uttarakhand and cloud bursts and landslides by a nuclear effect of dams?
The nuclear effect of dams caused the triggering of the Chernobyl disaster(1986), the Narora Fire(1993), the Kashiwasaki Kariwa damages(2007), the Fukushima disaster(2011). See by Google search The nuclear effect in causing earthquakes. The catch 22 situation epitomizes within the cell epigenetic effects and the mutation of humanity and all life by man’s contraptions. The infinitely precious life or death dealers. Its your considered choice based on scientific evidence. And science is only semi prudent. And after doing your best to approach the best design, when there are huge uncertaintaies regarding nukes, STOP! Adopt a normal way-trees! And Reforestation and cooperation. Respect Nature not deplete it and explode to barrenness.

Monday, November 19, 2012

What is the consequence of the power at which Plutonium 239 explodes inside the living being?

© 2014 Ramaswami Ashok Kumar
As stated in
the phenomenon of nuclear explosion inside a cell is as follows from the perspective of the explosive power of Pu 239 heavy metal lodged in the cell:
" Note that a radioactive element (the radionuclide being Plutonium 239 or Radium 226 (mining uranium or in a coal fired plant, the flyash)) lodged in a living cell shooting a single 5.15 MeV alpha ray may deliver (5000000 to 6000000)x10^-19 Wattseconds(Joules) in 10^-17 seconds(Ref 2) to a DNA molecule in a cell weighing 512x10^-15 kg. The dose to the cell then is about 1000 mSv. The dose to the DNA weighing much less is much much more (a million times or so)! The dose to the cell is delivered at the rate of 50-60 KW or at a power surge of average muscle power of more than a thousand people!"
Thus the power which Pu239 delivers upon deposition of the energy of the alpha ray in a DNA in which it is lodged is 50000 to 60000 Megawatts(millions of watts). This is average power of a billion people! 
No wonder when this transfer of energy takes place into the DNA, the dose is a million Sieverts! Thus we see cell kills, epigenetic effects and bystander effects after generations of  initially undamaged cell/cells.
Added to this is the natural background radiation enhancment by  absorption of gamma rays by the heavy metal Pu 239 and subsequent emission of secondary photoelectrons whose effect is that of the deadly beta rays on the DNA.! This may go on continuously within living beings.
Thus such a high powered delivery of energy to DNA may cause damage over a wide area extending to cytoplasm and neighbouring cells. This may manifest in genomic instability including bystander effects expressed as cell death/mutations of very high frequency compared to controls and after several generations of cells. Thus the passage of a single track of Pu 239 alpha ray  results in cells exhibiting chromosome instability after several generations and derived from non-irradiated cells. Thus there is no safe dose of radiation! On the other hand there is tremendous amplification of a single alpha ray.Your health is compromised irreversibly. We are converted to nuclear wastes. This is an extinction level event.
Note that Y-90 decays with a maximum beta ray energy of 2.28 MeV. So the effects are so lethal because of the power of such explosive release that during the nuclear age from 1945, India has experienced a 95% confidence level average excess infant mortality of 23(central value) to 33 million from 1945 to 1999 compared to the pre-nuclear years prior to 1945 and the world similarly between 110 million(central value) to 133 excess million infant mortality. 
Epigenetics is the study of epigenetic inheritance, a set of reversible heritable changes in gene function or other cell phenotype that occur without a change in DNA sequence (genotype).See

1) http://readersupportednews.org/opinion2/303-211/12736-fukushima-precious-time-has-been-lost

2) E.G Wright
 May 2002 CERRIE Paper 4/14 An overview of radiation-induced genomic instability

May 2002   CERRIE Paper 4/15 An overview of radiation-induced bystander effects


Friday, May 4, 2012

Normal operations of nuclear fuel cycle, 1980 to 2012,synergistically complicit in causing 110 million infant mortalities worldwide and 10 million in India.

 Copyright 2013 Ramaswami Ashok Kumar

The worldwide nuclear capacity grew from 135541 MW in 1980 to 376824 MW in 2011. Assuming a 0.1 % Cs137 inventory leak worldwide, the Cs137 leak increased from 481171 Ci in 1980 to 35905664 Ci in 2011. The Yearly Cumulative Indian Infant Mortality increased from 3295470 in 1980 to 65946980 in 2010. The excess Infant Mortality over that corresponding to the compound interest rate 2001/1980 grew from 0 in 1980 to 502228 in 2010 and cumulative excess from 1980 to 2010 was 9595642. Correspondingly the Worldwide Yearly Cumulative Infant Mortality grew from 45826169 to 1218625914 while the excess Infant Mortality over the compound interest rate 2001/1980 grew from 0 to 5493023 and the cumulative excess infant mortality grew to 105519521 in 2010. Note the logarithmic increases for both Indian and Worldwide excess Infant Mortality from year to year as the cumulative leak of Cs 137 builds up even at 0.1% of the inventory.
It is of especial concern to observe the Infant Mortality rate for 2011 and 2012 considering that Fukushima catastrophe started on 11 March 2011 and is ongoing.   Note from Figure 7 also that the increment in worldwide population is drastically significantly going down. Considering Fukushima disaster, the rise in 2011 as extrapolated may not turn out to be true. The 2011 figure based on UN estimate for the 2011 population may not turn out to be correct because of Fukushima ongoing extinction level event, especially regarding Infant Mortality and still births.

1. See http://plutoniumaradiumabillionpeoplehitdna.blogspot.in/ for population data. Un figures from
reference cited there, 2010 Revision.
2. World Nuclear Electricity Capacity data from Energy Information Administration, International Energy Annual 2006. 

Monday, July 12, 2010

Health Effects of Nuclear Power During Normal Operations

The World’s Nuclear Power Programme and Human Health with particular reference to India
By R. Ashok Kumar,B.E.,M.E., Negentropist, Bombay Sarvodaya Mandal, 299,Tardeo Road,
Nana Chowk, Mumbai-400007. Tel: 022-23872061. E-mail: ashokuku@rediffmail.com
October 2004
© 2013 Ramaswami Ashok Kumar
The research on low-dose radiation effects must be combined with the energy audit of nuclear power plants to bring home the insatiable appetite of the nuclear industry for causing unacceptable health effects on all life. The article http://energyauditnuclearprogrammeindia.blogspot.com/
highlights the extremely slowly deployable nature of a nuclear power programme and the damage it causes like the greenhouse effect because of the fossils it guzzles! Simultaneously one must carefully read two really excellent information links: www.euradcom.org for the health effects:2003 Recommendations of the ECRR
The Health Effects of Ionising Radiation Exposure at Low Doses and Low Dose Rates for Radiation Protection Purposes:

Guidance Note No. 2003/1
Criteria for "Clearance": Controlling the Release of Solid Materials of Very Low Average Activity for Re-use, Recycling and Disposal. June 2003
The committee regards the ICRP model as essentially flawed as regards its application to exposure to internal radioisotopes. But there is a new development. The ICRP is considering the raising of doses compared to its earlier recommendations(1991). This is because the nuclear industry sees fresh impetus to nuclear programmes for new nuclear capacity in its deluded thinking that greenhouse effects of fossil fuel combustion will be reduced. As the above blog shows, in any n-programme towards introduction of nuclear reactors to supply power, the nuclear programmes are net consumers of energy! And the public are probably to be subjected to more than a tripling of the dose of .3 mSv to 1 mSv per year per person(from 30 millirads to 100 millirads raw dose at least) by these new nuclear industry pressure group based ICRP doses!(See Reference Jean McSorley.2004).
Figure 1 below shows a realistic estimate on what is happening globally based on the book by Gofman(1981):Radiation and Human Health. Based on a whole body dose of 300 rads for one fatal cancer,the 1995 capacity of nuclear plants in India of about 2290 MW will result in about 2110 fatal cancers annually(Table 2).
-> Country Identifications

Figure 1: The country identifications are by numbers which may be referred to in the table below.15 denotes the U.S.A, with a nuclear capacity(N-Capacity) of about 106,000 MW(1991), with annual cancer fatalities due to N-Power of 17300. India,16, had a N-Capacity of 2290 in 1991, with annual deaths of 2110; if India had the N-Capacity of the U.S.A(Number 17 in the Figure above), there would be about 141711 premature deaths per year due to cancer alone, 69 percent of the worldwide total of 204300, up from the present 1 percent by 69 times! See Table 2 for the population density of India and whole body annual radiation exposure. The 300 personrads for an assured cancer death is a conservative figure used by Dr John Gofman in 1981.
(Continued from before the Figure 1)

This may be compared with the whole body radiation exposure dose per year per person(both internal and external) of 0.000672 Rads/y/person in India(Table 2,Column 12). The 1991 U.S.A capacity was 106166 MW for nuclear plants and the corresponding dose to the human being was 0.01954 Rads/y/person. The world total of fatal cancer deaths per year due to normal operation of nuclear fuel cycles was 204300 per year. From Table 1, we see that USA suffers annual premature deaths due to fatal cancers owing to normal operation of nuclear fuel cycles of 17300. India would suffer a figure of annual cancer deaths for this reason of 141711 or 69% of present world total annual cancer deaths due to this reason, if her nuclear capacity were raised to the USA 1991 total nuclear plant capacity of 106166 MW(megawatts). This is more than eight times the US figure of annual cancer deaths due to nuclear power plants for the same total capacity! This is a very conservative figure because we have considered only a 0.1 % leak of only Cs137 isotope inventory out of the more than 280 radionuclides generated by the rods of nuclear fuel! The radiation dose in India would rise to more than 75 times per person per year compared to the present and would be more than double the US dose, per person per year(exceeding the permissible dose due to this one radionuclide!).
But there is much more to this than the above calculation's revelations.
Committment of 204300 cancer deaths per year gives rise, because of the long lived nature of Caesium 137 of half life of 30 years,to the total number of cancer fatalities, which, in 100 years, are expected to be 5000 times 204300 and not 100 times this or it is 1 billion or 5000 Bhopals a year on average!Each Bhopal is counted as 2043 immediate deaths after Bhopal accident.
All this is an exercise in futility because as shown by the energy audit, the nuclear industry is a net consumer of energy: For example in the USA, even forty years into the nuclear programme, the nuclear plants supplied to society only a fourth of the energy consumed by the nuclear industry till that date. Only a miniscule amount of energy consumed by the nuclear waste storage was debited to the energy consumed by the nuclear industry(See the article on Nuclear POWER PROGRAMME'S ENERGY AUDIT for the USA
(please paste this address onto the address bar to view the URL)
In the estimation of fatal cancers given above it was assumed that the nuclear reactor’s radionuclide distribution would be same as that which occurred due to atmospheric nuclear weapons tests. For how and what this dual use technology achieved till 1989, see the articles
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“11. Using both the ECRR's new model and that of the ICRP the committee calculates the total number of deaths resulting from the nuclear project since 1945. The ICRP calculation, based on figures for doses to populations up to 1989 given by the United Nations, results in 1,173,600 deaths from cancer. The ECRR model predicts 61,600,000 deaths from cancer, 1,600,000 infant deaths and 1,900,000 foetal deaths. In addition, the ECRR predict a 10% loss of life quality integrated over all diseases and conditions in those who were exposed over the period of global weapons fallout.
12. The committee lists its recommendations. The annual total maximum permissible dose to members of the public arising from all human practices should not be more than 0.1mSv, with a value of 5mSv for nuclear workers. This would severely curtail the operation of nuclear power stations and reprocessing plants, and this reflects the committee's belief that nuclear power is a costly way of producing energy when human health deficits are included in the overall assessment. All new practices must be justified in such a way that the rights of all individuals are considered. Radiation exposures must be kept as low as reasonably achievable using best available technology. Finally, the environmental consequences of radioactive discharges must be assessed in relation to the total environment, including both direct and indirect effects on all living systems.”
But the ICRP is considering raising the annual dose to a member of the public by an order of magnitude - from 0.1 mSv to 1 mSv!
Citizens please be informed about these facts so that our life is worth living and we exercise our right to life, not death -premature death, involuntarily and for no reason.
There is no pure reason for the non-harmonised/
Nor for the non-harmonised is there concentration/
For one without concentration, there is no peace/
And for the unpeaceful, how can there be happiness?
The Gita
Jean McSorley:Greenpeace UK:October 2004.
Increasing radiation dose limits put the public at more risk.
Personal Communication.E-mail:
"Jean McSorley"